Chapter 5
Nuclear models

There are two important classed of nuclear models: single particle and microscopic models, that concentrate on the individual nucleons and their interactions, and collective models, where we just model the nucleus as a collective of nucleons, often a nuclear fluid drop.

Microscopic models need to take into account the Pauli principle, which states that no two nucleons can occupy the same quantum state. This is due to the Fermi-Dirac statistics of spin 1/2 particles, which states that the wave function is antisymmetric under interchange of any two particles